Filosofia e Poesia : Congresso Internacional de Língua Portuguesa
Letras & virtudes : crítica e autognose literárias e ética pública
Paulo Ferreira da Cunha
AbstractWe start this work by some opinions of various literary authors, and those from some critics and essayists, to discuss the issue of ethics and morality in its relationship with the literary work. We do not seek a systematic approach or reach a general theory, we only aim a dialogue that might help to understand, with examples, an obvious thesis itself: that there are tensions and different options among the various authors on these matters. So they can take on either a aestheticizing style or thinking, or a more realistic perspective. And, for one reason or another, some of them may be unrelated to moral criteria (or indifferent to them, or seemingly neutral). Some others, may defend a moral theorizing, or may present the ethical question, particularly with use of ethical dilemmas. It is also important to evaluate to what extent the angagment and ethics spread by an author is not a form of ideology or the like. The question, ultimately, is that all the options that are not truly innocuous (and certainly few of the social options will be, if any) will be moral and ideological. Ideology is defined by some people as a common philosophy, a philosophy for the vulgar use. So, we return to ideology and philosophy, again.
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