Seminario de Investigación en Museología de los Países de Lengua Portuguesa y Española, II, 2010
Museu, inclusão social e pessoa com deficiência visual
Diana Farjalla Correia Lima, Ana Fátima Berquó
AbstractThe museum is a space for research and dissemination of knowledge. According to this approach, it must ensure that both the informative and communicational process cater for the different audiences in the categories identified as visitors (exhibitions) and users of the information services. Setting the conditions for the attention and reception of any audience is the foundation on which the social function of the museum is supported. Nevertheless, within the different audiences there are groups with special needs such as visually handicapped people. In this “special” case the demand focuses on the presence of obstacles which hinder a proper attention, whether within the electronic context through an international computer network, (the museum website on Internet), or within the very physical place where the museum is located. On this basis, the question of social inclusion is established in the context of museological areas. As a reference for this study, the way in which the audience with visual deficiencies must be properly received is considered, taking into account that this group socially expresses the difficulties arisen within communication. Therefore, this approach deals with the necessary preparations that such condition demands from the museum and its professionals. This situation must encompass previous knowledge about the nature and the typical ways of perception of this deficiency, including permanent tests and evaluations about the specificities and the points in common between this audience and the general audience that visits or consults the offered services. It is hoped that through the results obtained within the results of these studies already begun, contribution to the field of museology can be offered taking as a case study three significant museums within the Brazilian scenario, located in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Key words: Social inclusion and museum. Inclusive museum and visually handicapped person.
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