Estudos em homenagem a Margarida Llosa
Justice or iniquity? : lei e carnaval em Measure for Measure de William Shakespeare
AbstractBakthin’s theories concerning the notions of dialogism, heteroglossia and carnivalesque laughter have opened up significant interpretative possibilities for the study of Shakespeare’s dramatic works. In his book Carnival and Theater Michael Bristol develops Bakhtin’s arguments within the context of Renaissance England through an analysis of how in Elizabethan and Jacobean drama we find a forceful critique that demystifies power and unmasks its strategies of legitimation. The present essay aims to discuss some of the ways in which the ideas put forward by Bakhtin and Bristol can be relevant in the interpretation of Measure for Measure, one of Shakespeare’s plays that most exemplarily problematizes the foundations and limits of political authority. Ultimately, it will be argued that the presence of carnivalesque elements, though not itself anti-authoritarian, decisively contributes to a relativisation of the seemingly rigid social and moral distinctions apparent in the beginning of the play and, in this way, emphasises the artificiality of all disruptive radicalizations of social life imposed by ruling elites.
Last Update: 2014-03-06
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