Estudos em homenagem a Margarida Llosa
A metáfora da peste na obra de Charles Brockden Brown
Maria Antónia Lima
AbstractCharles Brockden Brown (1771-1810) is a prophetic voice for a long time ignored. He is considered the founder of the American fiction and the first writer of horror stories in America. He is recognised by his importance in the process of Americanisation of the Gothic, and also by his influence on the famous author of “The Masque of the Red Death”, Edgar Allan Poe. It’s widely known that the pest theme has been largely explored in Literature. Some examples are A Journal of the Plague Year (1722) by Defoe, “King Pest” (1835) by Poe and La Peste (1948) by Camus. Charles Brockden Brown was also very interested in this theme turning it into the most representative metaphor of the tragic destiny and of the presence of evil in human life. His interest in this particular subject, more directly expressed in Arthur Mervyn and Ormond, results from a personal experience during the period between 1793 and 1798, when Philadelphia and New York were invaded by the plague of yellow fever that caused many victims. Associating art and illness, Brown was aware of the knowledge that may derive from the experience of evil. The contemporary reader can find in his works the same modern consciousness of the dangers of new kinds of physical and psychological virus.
Last Update: 2014-09-16
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