Seminario de Investigación en Museología de los Países de Lengua Portuguesa y Española, II, 2010
Museus e públicos com deficiência visual : um estudo de caso no centro de arte moderna em Lisboa
Patrícia Roque Martins
AbstractThe importance of art education for people with a visual deficiency tries to emphasize its value with regard to the promotion of individual growth, always taking into account the active role that education plays in the production of knowledge. Denying the access to people with a visual deficiency, signifies neglecting the human potential that can exist in each of them. In general terms, society is accustomed to build barriers -by omission -which can be summarized as a lack of solutions to the needs of people with a deficiency. Not taking actions in favor of visual impaired people creates new obstacles which contribute to the acquisition of other inabilities, generated by the lack of access to knowledge and information, which end up isolating them for life. This communication has been set out from a case study -developed at the Modern Art Centre in Lisbon- whose objective was to demonstrate, through the analysis of three works pertaining to three Portuguese artists, that people with a visual deficiency may be part of the public at art museums and what is more important: they can see paintings. On the one hand, this approach between the artwork and the visitors visually impaired was developed as a support to multi-sensible materials, trying to provide a more expressive and attractive museum visit and the methods which resulted most effective for the analysis of artworks will be targeted. This case study tries to demonstrate the importance of the abolition of social barriers in museological institutions, pointing to the creation of permanent, inclusive proposals focused on the individual differences of each person, apart from quantitative factors that often explain the policies pursued on the educational programmes. On completion of this case study a survey among participants with visual impairment was conducted. One of the questions was, "What is the motive that led you to participate in this visit to the Modern Art Centre ?" A participant answered: "To see what I have never seen". The use of the word see took on a broader meaning here, referring to non-visual perception related to what was described, discussed, felt or analyzed . Key words: Accesibility. Inclusion. Multisense materials. Publics with visual deficiencies.
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