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Robert Auzelle e o urbanismo francês dos meados do século XX no “Plano Diretor da Cidade do Porto” de 1962
AbstractThe unusual appeal that the so-called ‘Plan Auzelle’ always worked upon urban planners came mainly from his impressive graphic characteristics and particularly from its cartography of great beauty. Adding to this, the fact that the plan of Robert Auzelle had been in power in the city of Oporto during about twenty years (for good and bad reasons, as other works will expectedly prove ), we undertook the task of understanding the schools and methodologies that enlighten this plan. To study the urban schemes of Robert Auzelle, the eminent city planner who in 1962 completed the “Master Plan of the city of Porto”, leads us to rediscovering a period, today a bit forgotten, of European cultural history, of the philosophical and social context of the first half of the twentieth century in France. It is this framework that shaped the outlines of French urbanism between the two wars. Robert Auzelle, the young man who in 1932 won a scholarship to study at the “École Nationale de Beaux Arts and later at the” Institut d’Urbanisme de l ‘ Université de Paris” is a spiritual son of those times. He witnesses, as a student, the debate over the city, the controversy between the “international” style and the perspective, at first merely conservative and then fully nationalist of what the French called ‘ l’Art Urbain ‘. As a professional, graduated in 1942, the post-war destruction would give him what the previous generation never had: a real field to test his theories. In this article is argued the genesis of both the concepts and methodological elements that lie behind the “Auzelle Plan” for the city of Porto and the hypothesis of the existence of a hybrid position of his Coordinator, inspired in the concepts of ‘ Athens Charter ‘ and aesthetic principles inspired by Le Corbusier, but at the same time revealing the perspective withdrawn from the lessons of Marcel Poête, Pierre Lavedan, Gaston Bardet and Jacques Gréber.
Last Update: 2014-03-06
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