Alteração das acessibilidades e dinâmicas territoriais na Região Norte
Alteração das acesibilidades e dinâmicas territoriais na Região Norte : Expectativas, intervenções e resultantes
AbstractThis dissertation has the purpose of building a conceptual framework that contributes to the definition of priorities of intervention in the domain of road infrastructure, bearing in mind the observed territorial trends and the definition of strategies that consider, respect and enhance the human and physical local resources. Essentially, it is about observing the trends of settlement of populations and economic activities, trying to clarify their articulation with the national road network. The construction of this framework is based on the chained utilisation of the concepts of Inputs – Outputs – Results – Impacts, adopted in several domains of evaluation of social policy, as it was considered to be the approach that adapts best to the global interpretation of impacts, in particular those that arise from policy interventions in these matters – the issue around which this work is built. This approach is oriented along a set of perspectives / factors among which the following four are essential: the historical processes (and perspectives) of intervention on infrastructure; the utilisation of several quantitative accessibility indicators; a finer analysis at the local scale of processes and change factors and their correlation with the availability of better transport conditions, and finally the dialogue between central government and local public and private agents, as portrayed in the wide circulation press. Of the joint consideration of these factors several force lines emerge, as well as a diagnosis of what could be some key guidelines to increase the effectiveness of investments in this domain. In accordance with the above stated, this dissertation has been structured in three parts, of which the first presents the theme and corresponding theoretical framework. In the second, composed of five chapters, the process of interpretation of the “resources to impacts” chain is started by the analysis of the lower detail scales (national and regional) and followed by the case studies of municipalities and road axes. Finally, the third part corresponds to conclusions. Confirmation that identical solutions may not be the best solution for all the territorial units involved if parallel and adapted stimulation mechanisms are not developed, led to issuing recommendations towards the need to deepen the discussion on the allocation of responsibility through negotiation among the various public and private agents involved, based on the systematic estimation of the effectiveness of proposed interventions, in order to prevent undesirable impacts as well as to maximise the utility of these heavy public interventions.
Last Update: 2014-12-18
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